Flat feet can cause discomfort and may predispose you to other foot and ankle conditions, including muscle imbalances and chronic pain. To determine if you have flat feet and get treatment, if needed, visit Healthy Step Podiatry in the Financial District of New York City. The podiatry experts, Vito La Puma, DPM, Roxann V. Clarke, DPM, and John A. DeBello, DPM, provide reliable and effective conservative and surgical solutions for flat feet. Schedule a consultation today by calling or booking online.
Different types of flat feet exist, but all share the same characteristic of a partial or total collapse of the arch of the foot. This is sometimes called a fallen or broken arch. Flat feet can begin in childhood or it may develop over time due to trauma, biomechanical issues, or muscle imbalances in the foot and ankle.
Flat feet can also cause other foot and ankle issues, including Achilles tendinitis, hammertoes, and bunions.
A simple test you can perform to determine if you might have flat feet is slipping your fingers underneath the arch of your foot while you’re standing. If you can’t slide your fingers under your arch, you may have flat feet. For a definitive diagnosis, see the team at Healthy Step Podiatry.
Other symptoms you may experience along with flat feet include:
Flat feet can also present with the heel rolling inward and the toes rolling or pointing outward.
In most cases of flat feet, the condition is caused by ligament laxity — or excessive flexibility — that doesn’t allow for proper support of the joints that make up the arch of your foot. Instead, these ligaments become overstretched and allow the bones of your foot to drop downward, resulting in a flattening of your arch.
You may be born with flat feet or they may develop over time. Trauma, including fractures and dislocations, can also cause flat feet. Rigid flat feet may also develop in people over the age of 40 who are overweight and sedentary throughout the day.
In order to recommend the best treatment for you, the team first examines your feet and takes X-rays to determine the extent of deformity in your feet. Flexible flat feet present with an arch when you’re not weight bearing, while rigid flat feet always lack an arch.
Depending on the type and severity of your flat feet, the team may recommend physical therapy, at-home exercises, orthotics, or bracing to support your arches. Severe cases with pain may require surgery to correct the deformity, such as the implanting the Subtalar MBA® support from Integra®.
Find out what to do if you have flat feet by scheduling a visit online or calling Healthy Step Podiatry now.